1. SMALL LAWNS IN GARDEN
Small lawns can be prepared out on a grade surface. bigger lawns should have a gently increased area in the centre to help the water run out quickly. All pits uneven ground and reduced lying localities should be topped up up and the land granted a normal gradient. The general practice is to spread and cut into in a 7.6 cm layer of the farmyard manure on the dirt for making a lawn. The manure should be at least two times of the year old, otherwise it will convey in a allotment of trouble from weeds. The poorest weed in a lawn is the nut-grass.
To supply a suitable ground for the lawn and hold down weeds, the locality should be dug to the deepness of 23 centimetres or more. If the area is large, frequent ploughings will be required. The nut-grass, along with the big and small underground nuts and any other deep fixed weed stalks, should be selected out from the revealed dirt. This is an important step. If neglected, there will be hardly any wish of good lawn. pebbles big and small, and any other foreign material, parts of broken tiles and roots should furthermore be removed.
2. THE LAWN IN GARDEN
A lawn cannot be made on any ground. It is necessary to examine the nature of the soil and subsoil. If the area of the lawn is large, as in a playground, underground and surface drainage should be taken into account. For small area, surface drainage can be maintained if the lawn is made a little higher than the surrounding area.
For a good lawn, a minimum of 15 cm of rich loamy soil with coarse gravel underneath is required. It would be ideal to have 30 cm of good soil. if there is a hard pan, unbroken rock or heavy clay underneath, it will be necessary to provide deep drains laid according to the slope of the land. China-clay pipes can be laid at the bottom of the drains. They may be arranged end to end without cementing the joints. Over the clay pipes, coarse rubble, clinker, broken brickbats or any other suitable porous material, including coarse sand, can be used for filling, leaving about 30 cm of space for filing up with good soil. The underground drain should have a sufficient discharge opening at a low level so that the water may not stagnate during the rainy season. If a closed drain is expensive, any open, shallow storm-water will serve the purpose.
After the ground is chosen, the surface of the lawn should be well prepared. Where the soil is not suitable, a good soil from outside may be used. Where this is not possible, the existing soil should be brought to good condition by mixing enough humus or leaf-mould. A sandy soil ill require more humus and silt from a tank or pond to make it more retentive of moisture.
In all cases the physical condition of the surface soil should be improved to a depth of 15 to 30 cm.
3. SIMPLE POOL IN THE GARDEN
The position of pool in the garden is very important. The untrue, the disproportionate and the high walled pool with an elaborate geometrical conceive and a rusty fountain certainly out of alignment and located right in the centre of the garden is possibly the most unattractive sight in an otherwise colourful garden. The simple circle, rectangle or any other simple geometrical conceive is good sufficient for a formal pool of apt and proportionate dimensions. The informal or irregular pool design in more attractive because of the environment water-line it creates.
Any low-level place on one edge of the garden will be good assortment for constructing the pool. If it is conjunction with a rockery, a pool enhances its utility and beauty. In such situations, the conceive of the pool may be formal or natural so as to resemble the brim of the lagoon, pond or even a rivulet, with a few pebbles and earth pockets arranged round it.
Some persons like to add a little waterfall, little rivulet, a rustic connection, or a chain of small swimming pools attached below ground. These features have innumerable variations and the owner of the garden can play with these concepts to match his adorned and finance.
4. ADDING COLOUR FOR BEST GARDEN
To add hue to green and variegated cultivating, it is not odd to plant bulbs of white, pink and white perennial balsam and flowering Begonia which loan charm to the else monotonous planting design.
While planting, the material should be arranged thinly in rock pockets, with plentiful space for their further development. A dense planting hides the natural attractiveness of rocks and stops the full development of many plants and their kind of pattern, foliage or blossoms.
A pool, small or big, will be a unique feature in any flower bed. The water which reflects the surrounding scene, the hue of the morning and the night sky, and the minute waves conceived on the placid exterior of water by an night breeze, all conceive a alert air in an otherwise static flower bed.
Goldfish and the water-lily and numerous other intriguing aquatic and water-loving plants find a suitable dwelling in a pool to give us the great pleasure which will not be easily agreed. But the most functional advantage a pool affords is the storage of water for hand-watering vessels and plants of garden.
5. SELECTING PLANTS FOR GARDEN
The selection of plants for the rockery will count on the site where it is assembled. If it is exposed to sun, you can have flowering annuals with trailing habits with a couple of plants of erect development for compare, planted either as winter or summer and monsoon annuals. Some perennials furthermore are apt as blossoming plants for rock gardens. There is a large variety of blossoms to suit diverse climatic situation. For a winter effect, nasturtium, Petunia and a few plants of res Salvia are matched for the rockery in a sunny spot. In the monsoon, the cultivating of the minute French marigold, bush balsam makes a joyous arrangement. The planting of annuals requires cyclic alterations, and more work in the garden.
For a perennial design in rockery located in the sun, xerophytes are preferable. big and dwarf cacti and similar succulents are well acclimatized for open localities.
A balanced and colourful cultivating can be had by growing Geranium, perennial balsam, trailing Lantana and a clump or two of dwarf bamboo in a rockery located in partial shade. Rock characteristics constructed under shadow will need shadow adoring vegetation material.
6. PATTERNS FOR LOVELY GARDEN
routes can be turned into intriguing garden strolls with a little fantasy and ingenuity in choosing and devising the various exterior components.
solid routes are possibly the easiest today, but they are costly and may not combine well in a colourful garden unless mixed with a apt tinting issue. One way of decreasing the drabness of cement blocks is to plant green grass in the space between the slabs.
With clay clay bricks, many patterns can be organised. A easy pattern can be had even on a serving of food or sand base. The bricks can be repaired with cement joints. If grass is to be grown, the clay brick joints may be set broad and in damp soil to be planted subsequently with lawn or tiny flowering plants such as the yellow daisy or a few dwarf nasturtiums. For this kind of path, only well baked bricks should be selected.
The best casual and agreeable way of laying out a garden path is a crazy pavement walk. Broken pieces of broad shahbad pebble are utilised for this reason. Other types of flagstones can furthermore be utilised, provided they do not have too normal an brim. The stones near the brim or constrain are organised first and then empty spaces between them are topped up in. This devotes an irregular pattern.